Conventionally, the rivers of Nepal can be divided into three categories (depending on the type of food). The first are rivers that are fed by the melting of glaciers. The second are the rivers originating on the Mahabharat ridge. Still others are various streams and rivers, whose source is on the Sivalik ridge.
Bagmati passes through the lands of central Nepal and the Indian state of Bihar. The source of the river is in the mountains and is formed by the confluence of several unnamed streams (about 15 kilometers from Kathmandu).
The waters of Bagmati are sacred in both Hinduism and Buddhism. There are many Hindu temples on the banks of the river.
Barun passes through the eastern territories of central Nepal and is the right tributary of the Arun River.
The source of the river is the Berun glaciers located on the Makalu mountain. The main direction of the current is east and southeast. The river is part of the Kosi river system, which includes such large rivers as: Arun; Tamur; Sun-Kosi; Indravati; Dudh-Kosi; Bhola Kosi.
The river flows through the territory of Nepal and India. Gandak is one of the four largest Nepalese rivers. The source of the river is in the Himalayas, at the confluence of two rivers: Muztang Khola; Kyugoma Khola. In the upper reaches, the river is called Kali-Gandak. The confluence of the Gandak is the waters of the Ganges River. The river valley was a trade route connecting India and Tibet.
The valley of the Gandak River is also interesting because it divides the Great Himalayan Range into two parts, passing between two peaks – Annapura and Daulagiri.
Ghaghra passes through the lands of three states – Nepal, China and India. The total length of the current is 950 kilometers and this is the deepest water stream that feeds the great Ganges.
The source of the river is located in the Tibetan Plateau (southern part, area of Lake Manasarovar). Ghaghra is the longest and largest river located in Nepal. The main type of river feeding: in the upper reaches is the water of glaciers and melted snow; the lower reaches are fed during the doji period. The river is especially full-flowing in spring and summer. At this time of the year, severe floods are possible on Ghaghra. The waters of the river are mainly used for irrigation.
One of the Nepalese rivers, which is one of the highest mountain rivers not only in the country, but in the whole world. The source of the river is Lake Gokyo. Then the current descends into the Namche-Bazar tract, where the waters of the Dudh-Kosi merge with another river – the Bhote-Kosi.
The river is just perfect for rafting, but it should be borne in mind that this route is not suitable for beginners.
Rapti is a river in Nepal and India, with a total length of 600 kilometers. The source of the river is located on the territory of the Sivalik mountains.