Lhotse ranks fourth in the list of all eight-thousanders in the world. Among the interesting facts about Lhotse, you can find, for example, the following: Everest is located next to this peak, the traditional route to which is partially laid along the western slope of Lhotse. Therefore, most of those who go to Everest will visit Lhotse at the same time.

Lhotse had no name for a long time. The Indian Survey Service has designated Lhotse with a short letter and number designation – E1. The mountain had no local name in either Tibet or Nepal. In 1921, a member of a research group from Switzerland, Charles Howard-Bye, named Mount Lhotse, which means “South Peak” in Tibetan. The name stuck and is now considered official.

Lhotse – one of the treasures of the Himalayas

Mount Lhotse is part of the Mahalangur-Himal mountain range, which is part of the Himalayan massif. Lhotse Peak is to be found on the border between China and Nepal. Climbing it is usually made from the direction of Nepal, because the path from China is difficult and unsafe.

Lhotse, as already mentioned, borders Everest. Between them, at a level of 7906 meters, there is a pass called the South Col. The highest peak Lhotse, and there are 3 of them in total, is located 610 meters above the pass.

The height of the main peak of the mountain is 8516 meters. Two other peaks of Lhotse, which are called Lhotse Sredny and Lhotse Shar, also overcome the point of 8000 meters and are considered very interesting objects to conquer. Longer than the rest, the Lhotse-Sredny peak did not surrender to people, which they could conquer only in 2001. In the 20th century, it was even entered into the Guinness Book of Records as the only eight-thousander in the world that has not been stepped on by a human foot.

The first successful ascent – in 1956

The first attempt to conquer Lhotse was made in 1955 by an international expedition led by Norman Deirenfurt. The group of brave mountain conquerors included two Austrians and two Swiss. This was the first expedition to the Everest region, which was also joined by the Americans.

The climbers were accompanied by about 200 local Sherpa porters. The strong wind and extremely low air temperature prevented the climbers from conquering the summit. The group included a cartographer who made the first map of the Everest region at a scale of 1: 50,000. The expedition also managed to shoot several short films about mountains and local culture.

The three peaks of Lhotse were submitted to different people and at different times:

the first in 1956, the Swiss climbers mastered the Lhotse Glavnaya peak (climbers climbed the Western Face);
Austrian climbers first set foot on Lhotse Shar in 1970 (they chose the northeastern slope for the ascent);
it was only in 2001 that people first reached Lhotse Srednyaya (it was a Russian expedition).
It is interesting that three representatives of our country became the only climbers who were able to check in on all three peaks of Lhotse.

In general, Lhotse is a difficult peak, which was conquered only by 7 dozen expeditions, although more than 250 groups tried to storm it. Like any eight-thousander, Lhotzve willingly accepts human sacrifices. This mountain kept 9 climbers for itself.

The path to the heights of Lhotse is not varied. There are only 6 routes leading to the top. The largest number of them (3) was laid on the Lhotse Glavnaya peak. 2 tracks will lead to Lhotse-Sharu and only 1 – to Lhotse-Middle.

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