Annapurna in the Himalayas is the first of the 14 eight-thousanders of our Earth, to which people climbed. We present to you 5 interesting facts about Annapurna, which we have carefully collected, sorted and are ready to tell you.

Annapurna is not a mountain
Annapurna is not a separate peak, but a whole chain of mountains with peaks of different heights, which is part of the Main Himalayan Range. The length of the Annapurna mountain range is 55 km. Annapurna should be looked for in Nepal.

For climbers, 13 peaks, whose height exceeds 7000 m, are of great interest. The highest peak is an ice circus, which is poetically called the Sanctuary of the Ridge. It is formed by sheer, inaccessible rocks covered with ice and snow. The wind is constantly blowing there, causing dangerous avalanches.

Here are the most famous peaks of Annapurna:

Annapurna IV peak, reaching a height of 7525 m, was first conquered by German climbers in 1955 (before them, the British stormed this mountain, but unsuccessfully);
Gangapurna peak (7455 m), which is located in the central part of the ridge and is named after the goddess who “gives water”, which is true – glacial water flows down from the peak and forms a small reservoir (Gangapurna was conquered by the Germans in 1965);
Tilicho peak (7134 m) in the north-west of the ridge, where the Frenchman E. Schmutz first ascended in 1978;
Nilgiri peak, consisting of three peaks (Central, South and North, the height of the latter is 7061 m, the rest are lower), was subdued to man in 1962 (North peak) and in 1978 (South).

There is a forbidden summit on Annapurna
The Annapurna massif has not been fully explored by climbers. Remained in its composition of the peak Machapuchare with a height of 6993 m, to which the authorities of Nepal do not allow people. This peak, crowned with two peaks, is considered sacred. According to local beliefs, the god Shiva himself lives on this mountain, therefore no one is allowed to disturb his peace.

True, in 1957 climbers from Great Britain took a chance and went to Machapuchara. They climbed high, only 50 meters remained to the top, but turned back, as before the ascent they promised the local authorities not to step on the highest point of Machapuchare.

The residents of Nepal were afraid that among the tourists who would be allowed such ascents and would take their word for it, there would be someone dishonest who would break his word, and completely blocked access to Machapuchara.

Annapurna submitted to climbers in 1950
When conquering Annapurna I peak, a strange record was recorded. On the one hand, Annapurna, as we have already mentioned, became the first eight-thousander, which people climbed, on the other, its height was not at that time the maximum level that climbers could climb. The fact is that back in 1924, during the storming of Everest, climbers reached 8570 meters, which exceeds the height of the most grandiose peak of Annapurna.

Annapurna is a dangerous mountain and not everyone can conquer. It is estimated that about 40% of climbers do not return from its slopes, forever remaining in the kingdom of ice and cold.

The first to climb the highest peak of Annapurna were climbers from France Louis Lachenal and Maurice Herzog. The ascent was difficult, the brave conquerors of the peaks froze their fingers and toes. Due to gangrene, the Erzog had to amputate his fingers right during the descent. The operation took place without anesthesia. It is interesting that after such adventures, the Erzog outlived all his friends and died at a very respectable age. And before that he wrote a book about his ascent, which finally convinced the skeptics who doubted that the French had managed to get to the top.

Climbers are allowed on Annapurna
If you believe in yourself, are not afraid of difficulties and have experience in climbing dangerous mountain peaks, then Annapurna is open for you. First you need to get by plane to Kathmandu, from where buses start to the city of Besisahara. It is from there that most climbers take a taxi to the village of Barbule, the place where routes to Annapurna begin.

You can climb one of the most famous peaks in the world along different tracks – there are more than a dozen of them. The safest route was made by Russian climber A. Bolotov in 2008.

Annapurna is located in the reserve
However, those who will not conquer the mountain for any reason will not be bored: there are enough attractions around it that can occupy a person throughout the entire vacation. The main of them is the Annapurna National Park with an area of ​​more than 7 thousand square meters. km. People come here to walk along the routes laid in the most picturesque area, admire such close snow-capped peaks, take pictures, if they are lucky, of representatives of the local fauna, among which there are blue rams, musk deer, Himalayan marmots and many high-mountainous birds.

One of the most beautiful places in the Annapurna Nature Reserve is the forest of rhododendrons – flowers that begin to bloom in April.

You can also climb to the glacial lake Tilicho, which should be looked for at the peak of the same name at a level of 4919 m. It is difficult to get here because of the constant avalanches. Those who do come to the lake will be able to sit on the shore of an elongated lake, on the smooth surface of which icebergs slide, and drink tea in a small tourist hut, open only in summer.

Finally, it is worth taking a look at the Muktinath shrine at the Torong-La Pass. It was built in the 19th century. Near the temple there are 108 springs, the water of which is considered sacred and soulful.

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